Technical Papers

Influenza D Virus
First identified in 2011, Influenza D virus (IDV) has been found in swine, cattle, sheep and goats from multiple geographic locations worldwide. A member of the Orthomyxoviridae, IDV is a single-strand, negative-sense RNA virus with seven genomic segments. Influenza C Virus (ICV) is genetically the closest member of the influenza virus family, although the two share less than 50% protein sequence identity.    Read more



Metagenomics
The next generation in molecular sequencing for the detection and identification of viruses and bacteria includes a technique known as metagenomic sequencing. The development and adoption of metagenomic methods in the diagnostic laboratory has greatly elevated the diagnostic capabilities in challenging cases. The process involves a direct genetic analysis of the genomes contained within an environmental sample such as a nasal swab or a fecal sample, allowing for simultaneous detection of multiple infectious agents within that one sample.    Read more



Lameness/Mycoplasma
Arthritis caused by Mycoplasma hyorhinis and Mycoplasma hyosynoviae continues to be an ongoing issue for pork producers and veterinarians. In addition to the economic loss (up to $23 per pig), there is the issue of decreased animal welfare due to reduced locomotion, pain, and general discomfort and sickness.    Read more